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法律英语考试之美国法基础

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  • TA的每日心情
    郁闷
    2011-5-4 14:54
  • 签到天数: 11 天

    连续签到: 1 天

    [LV.3]偶尔看看II

    发表于 2011-3-4 14:09:19 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
    A FEDERAL LEGAL SYSTEM:Overview  The American legal system has several layers, more possibly than in most other nations. One reason is the division between federal and state law. To understand this, it helps to recall that the United States was founded not as one nation,but as a union of 13 colonies, each claiming independence from the British Crown. The Declaration of Independence (1776) thus spoke of“the good People of these Colonies” but also pronounced that “these United Colonies are, and of Right ought to be, FREE AND INDEPENDENT STATES.” The tension between one people and several states is a perennial theme in American legal history. As explained below, the U.S. Constitution (adopted 1787, ratified 1788) began a gradual and at times hotly contested shift of power and legal authority away from the states and toward the federal government. Still, even today states retain substantial authority. Any student of the American legal system must understand how jurisdiction is apportioned between the federal government and the states.
      The Constitution fixed many of the boundaries between federal and state law. It also divided federal power among legislative, executive, and judicial branches of government (thus creating a “separation of powers”
      between each branch and enshrining a system of “checks-and-balances”
      to prevent any one branch from overwhelming the others), each of which contributes distinctively to the legal system. Within that system, the Constitution delineated the kinds of laws that Congress might pass.
      As if this were not sufficiently complex, U.S. law is more than the statutes passed by Congress. In some areas, Congress authorizes administrative agencies to adopt rules that add detail to statutory requirements. And the entire system rests upon the traditional legal principles found in English Common Law. Although both the Constitution and statutory law supersede common law, courts continue to apply unwritten common law principles to fill in the gaps where the Constitution is silent and Congress has not legislated.
  • TA的每日心情
    郁闷
    2011-5-6 15:43
  • 签到天数: 14 天

    连续签到: 1 天

    [LV.3]偶尔看看II

    发表于 2011-3-31 14:43:30 | 显示全部楼层
  • TA的每日心情
    郁闷
    2011-5-13 16:28
  • 签到天数: 13 天

    连续签到: 1 天

    [LV.3]偶尔看看II

    发表于 2011-3-31 16:54:21 | 显示全部楼层

    该用户从未签到

    发表于 2012-3-1 18:17:31 | 显示全部楼层
    超級精彩,我非常喜歡

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    发表于 2012-8-25 21:17:24 | 显示全部楼层
    强帖终于出现,要顶的啊,谢谢楼主

    该用户从未签到

    发表于 2013-1-12 07:22:25 | 显示全部楼层
    回复一下吧












    50ftsquid.com

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    发表于 2013-1-16 05:50:39 | 显示全部楼层

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    发表于 2013-1-19 15:12:58 | 显示全部楼层
    */. . . * .
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    上海fp19.com南宁网站建设eformor.com

    该用户从未签到

    发表于 2013-4-27 13:38:29 | 显示全部楼层
    顶你,支持楼主!有意思












    减肥产品哪个好 超级p57 超级p57评价 P57 怎样能快速减肥

    该用户从未签到

    发表于 2015-1-29 14:04:05 | 显示全部楼层
    好啊楼主,没想到啊,太好了












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